The fight of Occupy Wall Street is the struggle of all movements in the world. Finance capital, that created the crisis in 2008, has increased its power instead of being disciplined. At present, world GDP is 64 trillion US dollars while the derivatives market reached the incredible figure of 1,500 trillion US dollars in 2011. The speculative economy is 250 times larger than the real economy of the world. Now banks and Transnational corporations (TNCs) are moving to speculate on the impacts of the climate and environmental crises that the capitalist system has created. Prices of food are beginning to climb again because of climate change and speculation in a world where 1 billion people already suffer from hunger. The banks and TNCs like Cargill, Wal-Mart, Monsanto are seeing this situation as a new opportunity to make profits through food derivatives, natural resource grabbing, GMOs, agro-fuels, free trade agreements, structural adjustments, austerity plans and other mechanisms to increase the privileges of the 1% at the expenses of the 99% of the world and at tremendous cost to our Mother Earth.
The system of debt continues to devastate the lives of people around the world. People in the South face the daily impacts and consequences of the financial indebtedness of their countries, which far from having been "relieved" is growing in step with the crisis and the pursuit of extraordinary profits by the most concentrated forms of capital. They continue also to bear the burden of the unpaid historical, social, ecological, and climate debts which are increasing as well to the rhythm of false solutions to the global crisis.
The debt problem plaguing many South countries is the result of the exploitation and control of the resources, economies and peoples of the South throughout the history of colonization, neocolonization and capitalist globalization. The resulting impoverishment, weak domestic economies, the net outflows of wealth and resources and "reliance" on imports - all these lay the grounds for the constant drive for external capital infusion in the form of aid, investments and loans. Northern lenders use debt as an instrument for the continued plunder of the South -- actively cultivating the need to borrow and relentlessly pushing loans to the South. Aside from the northern lenders, the local elites benefited from these loans, not the peoples of the South.
Taxes and taxation involve people's resources. Peoples' movements and citizens groups should be concerned about this issue and the questions of who should be taxed, how taxation should be done, and how revenues from taxes should be spent.
The state's right to tax goes hand in hand with the state's obligations to protect and uphold the rights of its citizens, promote equity and justice, provide for essential services and, be transparent and democratic in formulation and implementation of budget, spending and policies.
The neglect, non-fulfilment and violation of these obligations results in the erosion of the legitimacy of the state. And a state or government whose legitimacy has been eroded also loses its peoples' support and thus will be unable to compel people to pay taxes no matter how progressive its tax structure may be.
Taxes should promote equity and redistributive justice. Thus, it is fundamental that it be designed and implemented in an equitable and just manner. Those who have more (income & assets) should give more. Those who have the same level of income should also be taxed in the same level.
Regressive taxes policies are those which do not account for differences in economic capacities and involve a comparatively heavier burden on low income classes and sectors . Taxation should not be an additional burden to those who do not earn enough or those who earn just enough to meet their basic needs and live a decent and humane life.
Taxation is a means to raise revenues for the state to fulfil its obligations. Its ability to meet these obligations is affected by its capacity to raise revenues. It is vital that the state effectively and efficiently enforce tax policies that are just and progressive together with other programs and policies that strengthen the domestic economy . Governments must move away from reliance on borrowings and depending on aid.
The raising of revenues however should be accompanied by transparent and participatory budget processes and a spending policy aimed at realizing social and environmental justice and people-centered development.
Taxes should not be used to violate rights, undermine people's development and national sovereignty and cause harm to the environment.
Ending intervention and impositions by International Financial Institutions on national tax policies
Equitable and Progressive Tax System: Tax Relief for impoverished sectors; Gender Justice in Taxation
Compelling the rich to pay more; Reducing the regressivity of the indirect tax system; Gender justice in taxation
Ending preferential treatment to foreign investors and tax policies that promote neoliberal policies such as trade and investments liberalization, privatization and deregulation
Equitable and revenue efficient land and real property tax scheme that promotes agrarian reform, rural development, food sovereignty
Tax Incentives to promote social and environmental justice; Tax Disincentives to penalize social and environmental abuses
Ending massive tax evasion and avoidance by elite families, private corporations, multinational companies and other foreign investors;
This platform forms part of the broader agenda of southern and northern movements, organizations, NGOs and networks working to end debt domination and build new financial and economic systems nationally and internationally. As such, it recognizes first and foremost that the establishment of sovereign, democratic, and responsible financial relations entails acknowledging and redressing the historically unjust and inequitable power relations between countries and between elites and the majority that for centuries have marked the lives of peoples, countries, and the environment. Secondly, it clearly implies reversing the autonomy, privileges and the corresponding legal standing that have been ceded to capital over recent decades.
This platform defines principles, rules and standards as basis for changing policies, processes and practices in financial transactions having to do with the accumulation of debt being claimed from countries of the South, in particular public lending and debt collection, public borrowing and debt payments, the issuance of public guarantees and accumulation of contingent liabilities.