Our Nature Is Not For Sale Against Commodification and Financialization of Nature in G-20 and RIO+20
On June 2012, two international meetings that determine the direction of world economy and environment will be taken place. The meetings will have an impact on the overall future of mankind and the earth.
Jakarta, June 19th 2012. On June 2012, two international meetings that determine the direction of world economy and environment will be taken place. The meetings will have an impact on the overall future of mankind and the earth. The meetings that will be held at a close time are Rio+20 Summit and G20 Summit. Rio+20 Summit will be held in Brazil on June 20-21 2012, while the G20 summit held in Mexico on June 18-19 2012 just before the Rio +20 Summit. There are important agendas to be driven in the meetings, specifically green economy that will be thrust in the Rio+20 summit and green growth as the agenda of the G20 summit.
Previously, in the G20 Business Meeting in South Korea in 2010, a total of 120 corporations from various countries passed a resolution to the leaders of G20 members, among others, to: Promote market-based carbon market prices. Strengthen international partnerships between the government-private; promote free trade in environmental goods and services by eliminating tariff and non-tariff barriers. This time Mexico as the G20meeting organizers also made economic green growth became one of the most important agenda.
While in the RIO+20, green economy and sustainable growth are predicted as responses to the environmental damage that occurs now. The main component of the Earth Summit 2012 is a declaration of "The Future We Want" to be signed by world leaders. Green economy is the main agenda to be adopted into the sustainable development road map in the future. The two meeting underlines one thing, that the green economy must be the cornerstone for the world development.
However to see the hidden agenda of the green economy, it can be traced from the document issued by UNEP in 2011, entitled "toward a green economy". This document explains how the monetary value needs to be applied to the remaining elements of nature and a new industry "environmental services" as a profitable business in the financial markets. "environmental services" will be sold at a certain price and are subject to market mechanisms that will determine the access and allocation. With this way of thinking, only those who have capital−corporations and international financial institutions−can easily control the access and allocation. "Green economy" agenda at the Rio+20 is actively promoted by the alliance of the supporting institutions of capitalism including the World Economic Forum, World Bank and the International Chamber of Commerce. Green economy is the effort of capitalism to renew itself and make profits from the financial and environmental crisis caused by their own act.
Unfortunately, the presence of Indonesia in the G-20 meeting and the Rio+20 would be the legitimacy of policy in national level that led to the financialization of nature. In the G-20, government of Indonesia encourage the financing of infrastructure as an important agenda, it is associated with the program MP3EI (Master Plan for the Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesian Economic Growth) which is an instant effort to boost Yudhoyono regime's economic growth by holding a red carpet to welcome foreign investment.
In the Rio +20 meeting, blue carbon is one of the Indonesian Government proposals. Blue carbon is carbon trading scheme and compensation (offset) through the medium of sea in addressing climate change. Blue carbon has shifted the mitigation to market mechanism that is lucrative to corporate as well as industrialized countries whose are actually most responsible for global warming and climate change.
In the forestry sector, the development model based on the commodification of forests has shown a long series of tenurial conflicts, especially with the granting of 13 major international mining companies to explore in protected forest, four national park (TN), i.e, TN. Batang Gadis, TN. Lolobata, TN. Nani Wartabone, TN. Lai Wanggi-Wanggameti−are switching function for mining. REDD+ is expected by the government to be the solution of deforestation and climate change mitigation that would deprive local people and benefit corporations through the carbon market.
In the agricultural sector, green economy encourages the so-called efficiency of the agricultural sector through the extension of wide-scale agriculture industrialization, water privatization and the development of transgenicseeds or plants that are resistant to climate change, flooding and drought. This model perpetuates the green revolution-style farming practices that have demonstrably failed to ensure the fulfillment of food needs as well as damaging the environment.
Green Economy that is built in the capitalist economic system will not answer the environmental and economic problems faced by Indonesia and the world today. This will only make public goods−such as water, soil, and air−into the private goods which has economic value, and potentially get rid of millions of people who had their livelihoods from nature. Services of natural and biological resources that have been freely available, turn into high-value economic goods that can be ascertained will only benefit a handful of people, corporations and international financial institutions.
We are therefore, social movements in Indonesia confirms our rejection of the green economic agenda driven by the G-20 and RIO +20 that would only benefit the corporations and international financial institutions. We affirm support for Asia social movement position to oppose green economy and against the commodification and financialization of nature. We encourage the development of alternatives that ensure the harmonization of the nature supporting capacity to social and economic justice.
- To organize national economy in accordance with the ideals of the proclamation of 1945 as well as the mandate of Article 33 of the 1945 Constitution. National economic system should uphold the sovereignty of the people and promote equitable economic relations, mutually beneficial and based on solidarity and respect for nature and people who live in it.
- To oppose all forms of privatization, commodification and financialization of natural resources which rob people's sources of life. Green economy will exacerbate the deprivation of natural resources, land,water, air, and biodiversity.
- To stop the land grab and pull out all the policies that supports this process. The Government should ensure equitable access to natural resources, especially for local communities.
- Agricultural production should be shifted from the industrial model, monoculture with intensive use of chemical inputs to the agro-ecological practices. Agro-ecology will revive and restore agricultural biodiversity, maintaining food and other agricultural production. The new agricultural model − introduced with such complex terms "climate smart agriculture" or "low carbon agriculture" which introduce transgenic seeds resistant to climate change promoted by global institutions, corporations and many governments −will only further depriving the rights of people's land, water and ecosystem.
- The Indonesian government should reaffirm the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities" which became the basis of the Rio+20 Summit. The need to protect the environment should not be at the expense of the rights of developing countries for development. Thus, blue carbon proposal should no longer be forwarded or discussed any further, because of the potential harm for Indonesia.
- Transformation of the financial architecture with strong regulation and ensure that it serves the social and economic systems to meet the needs of the people in a fair and sustainable. We are calling for an immediate halt of financial liberalization at all levels. Control over capital and monetary policy should stop the practice of speculation, especially on basic needs like food.
- We call for the dissolution of all international financial institutions and regional development banks that are not democratic like the World Bank, International Monetary Fund and Asian Development Bank.
- Indonesia to immediately reviewing its involvement in the G20 because it does not benefit the people, especially women and other vulnerable groups.
Koalisi Anti Utang (KAU), Serikat Petani Indonesia (SPI), Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia (WALHI), Serikat Nelayan Indonesia (SNI), Koalisi Rakyat Untuk Hak Atas Air (KRuHa) Indonesian Human Right Committee for Social Justice (IHCS), Solidaritas Perempuan (SP), Koalisi Rakyat Untuk Keadilan Perikanan (KIARA), Lingkar Studi-Aksi Untuk Demokrasi Indonesia (LS-ADI), Liga Mahasiswa Nasional Untuk Demokrasi (LMND), Front Perjuangan Pemuda Indonesia (FPPI), Jaringan Advokasi Tambang (JATAM)